Development of malignant tumor from breast cells is referred as breast cancer. Women are more likely to get affected with this cancer. Following are the possible risk factors or causes that may result towards breast cancer. Age is the basic criteria. The risk of development of breast cancer increases with age. It has been predicted by the researchers that women above the age of 50 years are exposed with increased danger of getting affected with this cancer and alternatively, the risk of occurrence is uncommon with the women below 30 years except for those who have family history. Additionally the disease is very severe with the infected patients in the age group of 35 – 50 years.
Breast Cancer Symptoms:
Following sings may result towards detection and development of breast cancer
Breast Cancer Symptoms:
- Development of lump or lumpiness in underarms or in and around the nipple region;
- Minor or major change in shape or size of the breasts;
- Change in texture of skin or redness of skin;
- Discharge from nipples or nipple turning inwards; etc.,
Breast cancer symptoms stages:
Stages of breast cancer Symptoms are classified based on the following:
- Size of the cancer
- Type of cancer either invasive or non-invasive
- Development of cancer in lymph nodes
- Growth and spreading of cancer cells to other part of the body
Stage 0 represents non-invasive breast cancer where there is no obvious evidence of cancerous cells and it may not turn into breast cancer. Breast cancer is developed in four stages. In the initial stage, cancer cells are grown in the milk glands or in the nipples. In the first stage, cancer cells spread to the tissues in the breast. During second stage, size of the cells is increased to 2” and may spread to lymph nodes. Next stage is the advanced stage of cancer where the cancer cells spread through the entire chest area or armpits with growth in size. Final stage is the metastatic stage of breast cancer where the cancer cells spread over to the other parts of the body.
Treatment for breast cancer:
Common treatment options for breast cancer includes surgery where the affected breast would be removed, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. These are the general and more common treatment options prescribed by the doctors. However, since the chance of recurrence of breast cancer is high, which can affect other breast or other parts of the body with development of cancer cells, few other breast cancer treatments have been introduced. They are hormone therapy and targeted therapy, where the drugs included in these treatment options enter into the blood therapy to kill or destroy the cancer cells.
Adjuvant therapy – treatment to prevent the recurrence:
Aromatase inhibitors are the only approved medicine that is being used immediately after the surgery and used after tamoxifen, and Femara is the only medicine falls under this group. Femara is the unique type of treatment offered for an average of two years, which have been approved recently by US Food and Drug Administration. But the efficiency and effect of the treatment and long-term safety is yet to be determined and the study is still under process. Femara is highly recommended as part of the adjuvant medication by the board of members from nation’s leading group of oncologists – The American Society of Clinical Oncology.
Enhanced breast cancer survival rates:
More than half of the patients diagnosed with development of cancer cells in the breast are offered treatment with chemotherapy followed by surgery. Chemotherapy is closely associated with varied side effects. Several clinical studies reported the fact that a maximum of 4% of patients survive after taking this therapy. Alarmingly, most of the affected women continue to take this toxic expensive treatment as it might offer positive result in them. As a surprising factor, chemotherapy reduces the risk of repetition of breast cancer and about 25% of women are exposed with greater risk of recurrence of the disease and more than 50% of patients fall under low risk category.